St. Petersburg Institute for Informatics and Automation of the Russian Academy of Sciences was founded in 1978 according to the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR dated 12/19/1977 and to the Decision of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences dated 01/19/1978 on the basis of the Computer Science Department of Ioffe Physical and Technical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, and was assigned the name of Leningrad Research Computer Center (LRCC) of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR Doctor of Technical Sciences Professor Valentin M. Ponomaryov had been the Institute founder and its first director.
Currently the Institute is the only one scientific institution in the North-West region of Russia functioning under the auspices of the Russian Academy of Sciences Department of Nano-Technologies and Information Technologies that does basic research in information technologies and automation. At present Corresponding Member of RAS Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation Professor Rafael M. Yusupov is the head of the Institute.Based on LRCC one of the first global computer and information networks in the country the Academic Network “North-West” had been established..
In 1985 LRCC was transformed into Leningrad Institute for Informatics and Automation of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
By 1991 the Institute grew into a large scientific research organization, and its several departments gave rise to a new institution of the Academy of Sciences: Center of Ecologic Security of the St. Petersburg Scientific Center of RAS.
In 1992 when a historic name of St. Petersburg was returned to the city the Institute in turn was renamed in St. Petersburg Institute for Informatics and Automation of RAS (SPIIRAS).
In 2013 according to the Decree of the Russian Federation Government dated 12/30/2013 No. 2591-p the Institute was handed over to the RF Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations (FASO Russia), and The Russian Academy of Sciences continued the mission to provide for the scientific and methodological guidance matching the Institute research activities.
Along all years of its existence the Institute pursues the initially identified purpose and object of activities, namely, to do basic, prediscovery and applied scientific research aimed at the acquisition of new knowledge in the area of informatics and automation, control methods and information and telecommunication technologies applicable to solving actual scientific and engineering as well as social and economic problems, including those of interdisciplinary nature.
Currently while doing basic, prediscovery and applied scientific research the Institute works in the following research areas: fundamental basics of the informatics, informatization of the society and regions, origination and development of the national state and world intelligent information resourses, social networks; fundamental basics of the information security, cyber-security of the computer and telecommunication systems; counteractions against cyber-terrorism; theoretic basics of constructing the technologies of Big Data analysis and processing intended for solving problems of regularities’ detection, machine learning, estimation models’ building (construction), prognostication, and decision-making over a finite set of alternatives; fundamental basics of integration and self-organization in the existing and promising public as well as commercial information management and telecommunication systems and networks at various stages of their life-cycles; fundamental and technologic basics of building and implementation of intelligent integrated systems for decision-making support
and multimodal users’ interfaces in man-machine and robot complexes; fundamental basics of complex modeling and automation at proactive monitoring and information processes control in complex (info-, bio-, eco-, cogni-, socio-, geo-, aerospace and transportation) systems.
Basic and applied research as well as design projects in the above listed areas are being done in accordance with the works of the Government Task approved by FASO Russia for the Institute in regard to the RAS Programs, within the projects of the Federal Special Programs and Programs of the Russian Federation Ministries and Services, under regional scientific programs, under grants of the Russian Federation State
Scientific Foundations, and other state foundations, international and foreign institutional foundations, order-driven works for domestic and international agencies and organizations in conjunction with domestic and foreign universities, research institutions and industrial companies.
Applied results of the Institute’s research are oriented to developing the technologies specified by The List of Crucial Technologies for the Russian Federation. The Institute latest research developments cover a wide range of up-to-date information technologies:
(a) technology and software environment for aggregation, normalization and analysis of big arrays of heterogeneous structured, semi-structured and unstructured data that is intended for monitoring and security management of the consumer electronic devices’ distributed network;
(b) technology of Big Data analysis and processing intended for solving the problems of regularities’ detection, machine learning, estimation models’ construction, prognostication, and decision-making over a finite set of alternatives;
(с) technology of building the decision-making support systems based upon the reciprocity (communication) between man-machine cloud services within the ontology oriented intelligent spaces, that use a “blackboard” concept for exchange of information;
(d) technology of supporting the communication between autonomous robot systems and users in a group behavior within a surrounding cyber-physical space the cloud services and resources are incorporated into. As a technological base are used the multi-agent architecture and five level model of software-communication infrastructure;
(e) design technology for the on-board computational module SMARC-AM335x notable for its use of an external real-time microchip; independent feed system, low cost, small overall dimension (82*50*5 mm), low power consumption (2-3 W) at the processor frequency up to 1000 MHz; DDR3 on-line storage up to 1024 MB, nonvolatile storage up to 8 GB, supporting the external interfaces of peripheral units (USB, UART, ADC, GPIO, Ethernet and other) meant for the sensor information
processing and activation units’ control in the embedded systems and mobile robot complexes;
(f) technology and computer system for a paralinguistic analysis of natural speech meant for an automatic speech-based recognition of persons’ emotional states and classification of the speech paralinguistic phenomena;
(g) technology of import substitution of hardware components by their software realizations based on a being developed concept of software determinate systems;
(h) technology and software complex for solving the mathematical problems of prognostic evaluation, analysis and synthesis of the systems’ and processes’ characteristics and their functioning based upon their operation features’ indices;
(i) technology evaluating the information system’s stability under socio-engineering attacking impacts.
The above technologies are ready for realization; many of them are already implemented by domestic and international R&D and industrial organizations. It is worth noting that many developments are solving the import substitution problem. Certain part of the developments is of the twofold purpose, and some are used in the products’ serial manufacturing, for instance, the system of information protection against the unauthorized access, the system of information guaranteed destruction, the on-board computational module SMARC-AM335x.
The Institute is obviously one of the leading Russian scientific research organizations in the field of society informatization. The Institute scholars developed informatics’ scientific and methodological basics, the concept of informatization of the city of St. Petersburg and proposed the ways of its realization, the strategy of its transition to the information society, conceptual frameworks of the information policy accepted by St. Petersburg Administration as guiding documents. Also were developed the model laws for the Commonwealth of Independent States (the CIS) countries: “About Informatization, Information and Information Protection”,
“About Electronic Commerce”, “About Crucially Important Objects in Information and Telecommunication Infrastructure”; “Strategy Ensuring Information Security for the CIS Countries”; “Model Regulations for Administrative Procedures Executed by Authorized Agencies in the Sphere of Information Security Assurance for the CIS Countries”. These documents are accepted as guidance by the CIS Interparliamentary Assembly.
Besides “The Recommendations on Reapproachment and Harmonization of National Legislations in Assurance for Information and Communication Security of the Countries – CSTO Members” were developed. The problems of information assurance on the assumption of the society informatization were investigated.
The SPIIRAS research and development basis (RDB) is constituted by researcher-oriented workstations integrated into a multi-level local computer network furnished with an Internet access through the nodes of RCOM and ROKSON providers. The above RDB’s most important constituents are the SPIIRAS Computer Research and Educational Center, Research and Educational Center “Technologies of Intellectual Environment”, Innovation and Educational Center of Space Services, established under the agreement with RosCosmos, “Educational Center for Training the Certified Specialists in Processing Data of the Earth Remote Sensing” that includes the geoinformation complex of space monitoring.
The RDB also incorporates High Performance Computer Cluster and Robot-Technical Complex.
The Institute organizes and hosts series of international scientific conferences like: “Regional Informatics”, “Information Assurance of Regions of Russia”, “Speech and Computer”, “Mathematical Methods, Models & Architectures for Computer Networks Security”, “Information Fusion and Geo-information Systems”, “Simulation: Theory and Practice”, “Interactive Collaborative Robotics”; conferences on the theory of multi-agent systems and their applications and other. SPIIRAS scholars actively participate in international and domestic conferences and exhibitions; serve on the boards of international and Russian scientific journals.
Within 39 years the Institute researchers published over 110 monographs and 1100 papers with domestic (“Nauka”, Mashinostroenie”, etc) and international (“Springer-Verlag”, Kluwer”, CRC Press, etc.) publishers. SPIIRAS prints its own transactions, and over 90 collected articles were published over 39 years time span. Since 2006 the SPIIRAS proceedings are included in the list of the RF VAK journals, and since 2016 – in the Scopus international data base.
To-day the SPIIRAS staff comprises one corresponding member of RAS, 38 full professors and 58 scientists bearing Ph. D. degrees. SPIIRAS members are bestowed 32 governmental awards, among them twelve honorary titles of the Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation. Nine researchers are the RF Government Prizes winners, ten – are awarded the scholarships of the President of the Russian Federation, eight – received the RF President Grants.
Currently, the SPIIRAS post-graduate course counts 30 post - graduate students, also functions the institution of doctoral candidacy.
SPIIRAS obtained an accreditation of educational activity valid until May 18, 2022, and has a right to perform the educational activity in accordance with the license No. 2719 issued on April 04, 2012 by the Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Education and Science in the following areas:
- 09.06.01 Informatics and Computer Science
a) direction “System analysis, control and information processing” (05.13.01);
b) direction “Mathematic- and software of computers, computer complexes, and computer networks” (05.13.11);
- 10.06.01 Information Security
a) direction “Methods and systems for information security, information assurance”(05.13.19).
The Doctoral Dissertation Council functions in the following specialities:
05.13.01 “System analysis, control, and information processing”;
05.13.11 “Mathematic- and soft- ware of computers, computer complexes, and computer networks”; 05.13.19 “Methods and systems for information security, information assurance”.
SPIIRAS and Carl May (1856-1918) School History Museum o is established and maintained at the Institute that currently occupies the building that used to be the above mentioned school premises. This reputable school contributed to many aspects of the society development. 40 members of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Fine Arts, 156 Full Professors, two ministers, seven governors, four members of the State Council, twenty generals and admirals, three Heroes of Socialist Labor, two pilot-cosmonauts G. M. Grechko and A. I. Borisenko are among the C. May School alumni.
Using the Museum’s factual database the Institute scientists run enlightenment and educational activities at the secondary and higher schools of St. Petersburg promoting, at that, the best scientific, pedagogic, cultural and ethical traditions of the Russian education and science.